LET’S CONVERT WASTE IN TO TREASURE!!
According to a survey, world almost generate 4 billion tons of all types of waste. This volume is expected to be increased by 2.4 billion tons by 2025. Currently, three-fourths of this waste is disposed of in landfills, with only one fourth being recycled. We have motive to increase the ratio of the waste being recycled. This causes huge environmental impact in terms of wildlife, ecosystems and to human health. Keeping this in mind, many new waste treatment plants have come up and have developed new ways to generate energy from landfill waste. In the U.S., Japan, and Europe, laws and regulations have significantly increased recycling and reuse of waste materials. So in INDIA also we want waste to be recycled.
Currently, 99% of people use wood fuel and wood charcoal to meet their cooking energy needs. This practice contributes to deforestation and the destruction of natural wildlife habitat and also contributes to green house effect and global warming.
Almost 60% of India’s population is engaged in agriculture and has it as their main occupation. The enormous increase in the quantum and diversity of waste materials generated by human activity and their potentially harmful effects on the general environment and public health. The consumption habits of modern consumer lifestyles are causing a huge worldwide waste problem. So the main problem is what to do with the waste created? So we, jay khodiyar with motive to use this waste in a proper manner, and are focusing on agricultural waste as a source of bio-energy.
Different types of wastes that can be utilized are:
The waste generated by agriculture includes waste from crops and livestock. The most common agriculture waste include rice husks and another residues include sugar cane fiber (known as bagasse), coconut husks and shells, groundnut shells, cereal straw etc. one of the main agricultural residues is cotton stalk. According to one estimates, in many cotton producing countries the waste cotton stalk is around 1.6 billion tons.
Sugarcane industry waste
Sugarcane industry every year produces large amount of bagasse. Bagasse is potentially a major source of biomass energy.
Forest harvesting is a major source of biomass for energy. Forest waste is generally created due to certain operations such as thinning of plantation, extracting stem wood for pulp and timber; Wood processing also generates significant volumes of residues usually in the form of sawdust and other such wastes. Stands damaged by insects, disease or fire are additional sources of biomass. Forest residues normally have low density and fuel values that keep transport costs high, and so it is economical to reduce the biomass density in the forest itself.
Pulp and Paper Industry Residues
The largest source of energy from wood is the waste product from the pulp and paper industry called black liquor.
All this waste is useless and would be disposed of in landfills. So instead of that we should use this waste as a treasure. You can use briquette machine to make briquettes from this waste which would create less pollution. The industries which require more amount of heat and uses fossil fuels which create more amount of smoke that is gaseous and also contributes to global warming and green house effect. So for those industries briquettes are the best option to use because they do not create smoke. Most of the developed countries use this new technology. But in many regions of the developing and emerging markets, proper management of organic waste represents a significant and continued challenge.
Waste-to-energy idea offer two important benefits environmentally firstly safe waste management and disposal and secondly generate biomass energy. Waste - to - energy facilitates to produce renewable source of energy.
Now there should no question arise that why should we use briquettes and there are innumerable/uncountable answers, is eco friendly, reusable, energy efficient, low cost, and many more.