Briquetting Biomass: The Green Alternative

We are recently forced to replace the burning of fossil fuels. The replacement of these non renewable resources with biological waste would reduce the overall pollution pressure on environment. The biomass waste like coffee husk, saw dust, rice husk etc can gathered and compressed into briquettes, these briquettes can also be transported and used as fuel to generate heat. It is high time to take this initiative to take initiative to use this biomass energy. Hence here you should take the initiative to convert the forestry waste and agricultural waste in to biomass briquettes, which can be used as a substitute for coal.

There are different machine available in market but those machine are bulky and are costly,Hence here we developing a portable, low cost briquetting machine, which makes use of simple Mechanism to convert the biological waste into useful briquette. Any waste or any proportion can be used but with proper binding agent. Some raw material do not require any binding agent if we use high pressure compression.

The end use of briquettes is mainly for replacing coal substitution in industrial process heatapplications (steam generation, melting metals, space heating, brick kilns, tea curing, etc) and power generation through gasification of biomass briquettes.

Raw material that can be used for making briquettes:
Biomass briquettes are a bio fuel substitute to coal and charcoal. Biomass briquettes are made from agricultural and forestry waste. The low density biomass (agricultural and forestry waste) is converted into high density biomass briquettes with the help of a briquetting machine. This machine makes biomass briquettes without the help any kind of chemical so this briquettes are 100% natural. The major raw material used for this is mustard stalks, Rice Husk, Coffee
 Husk, Coir Pitch, Jute Sticks, Sugarcane Bagasse, Groundnut Shell, Cotton Stalks, Caster Seed Shells / Stalk, Wood Chips, Bamboo Dust, Tobacco Waste, Tea Waste, maize stalks, bajra Cobs, Arhar stalks, Paddy Straw, Wheat Straw, Sunflower Stalk, Palm Husk, Soya bean Husk, Veneer Residues, Barks & Straws, Leafs, Pine Needle, Seeds Cases etc. Biomass briquettes are mainly used for thermal applications like in boilers, furnace and foundries, also for heating and melting purposes and heating in Cold areas and Hotels, Canteens, Cafeterias and house hold kitchen appliances etc.       

A popular form of biomass briquettes emerging in developed countries is called Sawdust Briquettes. It takes the waste by-product of saw mills such as sawdust, compressed it in the cylinder and is extruded out of the cylinder to make a reconstituted log that can replace firewood. The process is carried out in two phases i.e. with and without the binding agent. In the process of without binding agent the natural lignin in the wood binds the particles of wood together to form a solid. Burning a Sawdust Briquettes is far more efficient than burning firewood. Moisture content of a briquette can be as low as 4%, whereas that of firewood may be as high as 60%.

BINDING AGENTS:

  •  Starch

Starch is the most common element but is usually expensive It doesn't have to be a food grade. In general, about 4-8% of starch is needed to make the briquettes. Starch sources can be corn starch, wheat starch, maize flour, wheat flour, rice flour, cassava flour, potato starch, etc. To use the starch as a binder, you must first gelatinize the starch, which is added to water and heated to form a sticky consistency, then adding to the mixer to be mixed with the charcoal powder.

  • Clay

Clay is almost available in every area and probably free of cost. A briquette contains almost 15% clay. It does not adds to the heating value. If too much clay is added then the briquette will ignite and it will not burn properly or not at all. Besides, clay will turn into ash after burning, which blocks the passage of radiant heat, resulting in the loss of heating value of the charcoal.

  • Molasses

Molasses is the by-product of sugarcane industry. One ton of briquettes needs about 20-25% molasses. Briquettes binded by molasses burn well, but it has very bad smell during combustion. To avoid this a thermal treatment can be given known as curing.

  • Wood tar and pitch

Wood tars arises during the carbonization process and are recovered from stationary kilns and retorts. Pitch is a viscous liquid that remains after the distillation of coal tar. Tar is more liquid while pitch is more solid. Both of them require re-carbonization to avoid the emission of heavy smoke which may generate adverse health.

Alternative Energy with Low Cost Hitting Green Earth as Target

There has been recent push to replace the burning of fossil fuels with briquettes. The replacement of these non-renewable resources to biological waste will lower the overall pollution of the world. And somewhat contribute in the reduction of green house effect or global warming. The waste biomass are gathered and compressed in to briquettes. These briquettes can be transported and used as a fuel in to generate heat. With this the problem of waste management would be solved. It’s high time for us to take the initiative of turning biomass in to energy and to convert waste in to wealth. For years people have worried about the decreasing amount of fossil fuels on the planet. These fuels, when they are gone, cannot be replaced. As a result several different alternatives have been approached. One of these, which are proving very encouraging, is Biomass Alternative Energy.

Than talking about the calorific values it means heating values means the amount of thermal energy released while burning fossil fuels. Calorific value of fossil fuels when compared with the calorific values of briquettes then It is the interesting note that the calorific values i.e. the heating values of fossil fuels and briquetting manufacturer has not vast difference. The calorific values of fossil fuels are as follows:

Fossil fuels Calorific values
Natural gas 12500 kcal/kg
Propane-butane 11950 kcal/kg
Diesel 10000 kcal/kg
Fuel oil 9520 kcal/kg
Brown coal 3500 kcal/kg
Woods 2500 kcal/kg
Electricity 860 kcal/kWh

 

Calorific values of different kind of briquettes are:

Agro waste briquettes Calorific values /kg
Rice husk briquettes 3200k
Paper briquettes 4841k
Groundnut shells briquettes 4524k
Cotton stalk briquettes 4252k
Coffee husk briquettes 4045k
Tea waste briquettes 4237k
Wheat waste briquettes 4100k

As we can see the data and can get the idea about the calorific values. Yaa there is some differences but we should adjust because it has too many positive points to take note. Its cost is very less compared to other fossil fuels. It is also eco friendly. It creates less pollution. As the world's supplies of fossil fuels are used up, the search for new, renewable energy sources is ongoing. At the present time, the energy source that shows the most promise is the use of briquettes.

LET’S CONVERT WASTE IN TO TREASURE!!

According to a survey, world almost generate 4 billion tons of all types of waste. This volume is expected to be increased by 2.4 billion tons by 2025.  Currently, three-fourths of this waste is disposed of in landfills, with only one fourth being recycled. We have motive to increase the ratio of the waste being recycled. This causes huge environmental impact in terms of wildlife, ecosystems and to human health. Keeping this in mind, many new waste treatment plants have come up and have developed new ways to generate energy from landfill waste. In the U.S., Japan, and Europe, laws and regulations have significantly increased recycling and reuse of waste materials. So in INDIA also we want waste to be recycled.

Currently, 99% of people use wood fuel and wood charcoal to meet their cooking energy needs. This practice contributes to deforestation and the destruction of natural wildlife habitat and also contributes to green house effect and global warming.

Almost 60% of India’s population is engaged in agriculture and has it as their main occupation. The enormous increase in the quantum and diversity of waste materials generated by human activity and their potentially harmful effects on the general environment and public health. The consumption habits of modern consumer lifestyles are causing a huge worldwide waste problem. So the main problem is what to do with the waste created?  So we, jay khodiyar with motive to use this waste in a proper manner, and are focusing on agricultural waste as a source of bio-energy.

Different types of wastes that can be utilized are:

Agricultural residues

The waste generated by agriculture includes waste from crops and livestock. The most common agriculture waste include rice husks and another residues include sugar cane fiber (known as bagasse), coconut husks and shells, groundnut shells, cereal straw etc. one of the main agricultural residues is cotton stalk. According to one estimates, in many cotton producing countries the waste cotton stalk is around 1.6 billion tons.

Sugarcane industry waste

Sugarcane industry every year produces large amount of bagasse. Bagasse is potentially a major source of biomass energy.

Forestry waste

Forest harvesting is a major source of biomass for energy. Forest waste is generally created due to certain operations such as thinning of plantation, extracting stem wood for pulp and timber; Wood processing also generates significant volumes of residues usually in the form of sawdust and other such wastes. Stands damaged by insects, disease or fire are additional sources of biomass. Forest residues normally have low density and fuel values that keep transport costs high, and so it is economical to reduce the biomass density in the forest itself.

Pulp and Paper Industry Residues

The largest source of energy from wood is the waste product from the pulp and paper industry called black liquor.

All this waste is useless and would be disposed of in landfills. So instead of that we should use this waste as a treasure. You can use briquette machine to make briquettes from this waste which would create less pollution. The industries which require more amount of heat and uses fossil fuels which create more amount of smoke that is gaseous and also contributes to global warming and green house effect. So for those industries briquettes are the best option to use because they do not create smoke. Most of the developed countries use this new technology. But in many regions of the developing and emerging markets, proper management of organic waste represents a significant and continued challenge.

Waste-to-energy idea offer two important benefits environmentally firstly safe waste management and disposal and secondly generate biomass energy. Waste - to - energy facilitates to produce renewable source of energy.

Now there should no question arise that why should we use briquettes and there are innumerable/uncountable answers, is eco friendly, reusable, energy efficient, low cost, and many more.

 

Use Of Fossil Fuels Leads To Many Disadvantages:

Harmful Gases Released

When  fossil fuels are burnt gases like  oxides of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, etc..  are released which are harmful not only to human but to all living creatures. These gases are also the reason for acid rain and also the main cause for global warming and due to burning of this fuels the level of carbon dioxide have increased up to 65% .

  • Environmental Risks

The major disadvantage of use of fossil fuels is Environmental pollution. We all know that burning of fossil fuels leads to release of carbon dioxide gas which is the main reason for global warming. The results are Holes in ozone layers, melting of icecaps in polar region and if all these continue than in future we have to face serious consequences.

  • Ozone Layer

Green house gases burn holes in the ozone layer. That leads UV rays to enter the earth’s atmosphere which are very harmful .

  • Non-Renewable Resource

As these fossil fuels are made naturally and takes long time so they are not renewable. They will be soon depleted and its not possible to get that resources again. It takes millions of years for its formation.

  • Acid Rains

By the burning of fossil fuels sulphurdioxide gas is released which is the main pollutant and cause of acid rain. Acid rain results in to destruction of monuments which are made up of bricks or marbles. Acid rain affects the crop production. Those crops are harmful to us.

  • Human Health Is Affected

As many gases are released leading to pollution. This gases are inhaled by human beings and diseases like Asthma , lung cancer etc are caused which sometimes also leads to death. Long term inhalation of such gases increases respiratory inflations in general population. Children and elderly people have to suffer more. As per estimation there are 13000 deaths due to this pollution.

  • High Price Of This Resources

Only some countries have these resources. South Arabia have 40% of this resources so they have monopoly and they will increase their price as it is demanded in the market.

  • Effect On Aquatic Life

Fossil fuels need to be supplied. So they are supplied by ship or oil tanker and if there are some leaks in such ships than that oil having toxic substances get mixes with water which is very harmful to the aquatic life.

  • Un-Sustainable

Fossil fuel are not manufactured but are mined from the earth’s layer. Then we can use them. We can’t make fossil fuel of our own. Once the deposit has all its content removed than its not in our hand to make any more.

lastly, fossil fuels are non-renewable resources, meaning that their supply is limited and they will eventually cease to exist. Fossil fuel paucity could cause huge economic and social problems in the future.

We are at that stage where it is not possible to instantly reduce the effect of global warming but we can try for it and reduce to some extent. To contribute to this we should reduce the use of fossil fuels. Instead of this we should use briquettes. It is an excellent source of energy which is renewable.

  • Fuel of future: Briquettes
  1. Smokeless

The briquettes are burnt without creating any smoke. So it is not harmful to any living creature.

  1. cheaper

The price of briquettes is less than coal, lignite, oil and other fossil fuels

  1. Less pollution

When we burn briquettes it create less amount of pollution as it contains less amount of sulphur than coal.

  1. Quality

Briquettes has a adorant quality and easy to handle

  1. Orderliness

Briquettes burn in a controlled manner, slow and efficiently as it contain lower moisture content.

  1. Combustion

Normal fossil fuels contain moisture, bark, knots and resin which can make burning irregular but briquettes contain less amount of moisture and has less amount of sulphur.

  1. Long burning time

It burn 3 times more comparing to charcoal .

  1. Renewable

Fossil fuels are non renewable and they will not last longer as they are at their last legs but briquettes are renewable its in our hand to manufacture it so its scarcity would not there.

  1. Easily produced

At present briquettes are sold commercially in the market but we can also easily make briquettes also for household purposes . we only need is  stock of combustible matter, a binder, and a molder to shape the briquettes .

  1. No storage problem

As the briquettes are less voluminous so its easy to store because they are of either spherical or cubical shapes.

  1. Easy to transport

Considering the shape , size and density of briquettes its easy to carry for long distances. Also the loading and unloading costs are very less.

  1. Eco friendly

Briquettes are renewable source of energy which helps to keep environment clean also does not affect health of any living organism.

Briquetting Machine,Manufacturer, Supplier and Exporter

Briquetting Machine: Manufacturer , Supplier and Exporter.

Jay khodiar had been started by us with the motto of promoting  “Go green” , “love green” “Think green”. We have been since 23 years for this project . we measure our success with client satisfaction level.We have been standing at the highest position we could achieve in this field . we are glad to say we have been succesful in installing 1900+ projects in more than 65 countries. We are happy to listen the words of appreciation from our satisfied customers that we are doing nice to contribute in the field of enviornment protection .   

India being an agrarian country a huge amount of waste is created every year . And as this waste is too voluminous the question is to what to do with this waste ?  we have an excellent solution for this question . The eco-friendly technique to value this un-used waste is briquetting .so it is an alternative for saving environment and reduction in use of fuel. briquettes  are standardized in their quality and size.

 This process  converts the waste such as wheat straw,rice husk , peanut shell , sugarcane bagasse  etc  in to biomass briquettes. Briquetting  machines are used to process this waste and make fuel logs  from it which are khown as briquettes . It can be used in cooking and in various industrial unit like textile mills, spinning millsbiomass briquette machine and rubber industry etc  where huge amount of fuel is required to generate energy. It is less voluminous and easy to maintain and store .These provides dual benefits to us and enviornment both . so this is also an revolutionary solution for global warming , helps in keeping enviornment clean .

Our briquetting machines :

  • Jumbo 9075 briquetting press
  • Supreme 75 model
  • Supreme 65 model
  • Biomass crushing machine
  • Rotary drum dryer
  • Biomass turbo dryer

 We have been successful due to :

  • Highly qualified staff
  • Advanced management
  • Skilled management
  • High managerial qualities.

Features offered by jaykhodiar :

  • Energy efficient
  • Long machinery life
  • Less cost
  • Minimum mantainence.

Earth’s climate is nowadays clearly out of control and the situation is unhandleable.All the components of earth including atmosphere , land and ocean, sea level and forest area are changing . And this changing situation is very harmful to all livingbeing. We must have came across the information of increased in earthquakes ,tsunamis . Holes in ozone layers , melting of icecaps in polar region and many more.

Continous use of fossil fuels leads to global warming and destructiveness of earth. Fossil fuels are the significant source of air pollution and producing pollutants. Fossil fuels are cheapest and most reliable energy source but it will not last longer. As per scientific research coal mines will not last more than 300 years. They are on their last legs and also very dangerous. This is a tough call for us and to deny global warming at this stage would be a game to deny a bitter fact . when fossil fuels are burnt carbon dioxide gas is released which traps warmth in earth’s atmosphere and contributes to global warming. In last 150 years carbon dioxide levels have increased by 25%.

Simple meaning of global warming is increase in the average temperature of earth due to different greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphuric acids, arsenic and ash  also due to continous burning of fossil fuels. The atmosphere gets thickened due to the layer of greenhouse gases. The effects of global warming are environmental and climatic changes. There are seasonal effects such as early flowering of plants , early summer arrival and many more.

Global warming just does’nt mean warming of earth but it has a maaive impact on social, economical and physical health. It leads to melting of ice caps, shirking of wildlife and vegetation, violent hurricanes etc . The hole in ozone layers allows UV rays to enter the earth climate which is very harmful.

What Is Briquetting Plant?

Briquetting Plant

It is a fuel forming machine and specifically produces fuel from bio waste materials mainly procured from agriculture cultivation by-products and wastes obtained from the forests. This machine utilizes the high pressure and temperature to cause chemical changes in the waste material and makes them to bind into solid compressed mass, which then are cooled down and cut into required sized and shapes by the Briquetting machine itself. The solid chunks of fuel produced by this means are identified as bio fuel briquette.

briquetting plant Manufacturer

The fuel produced by Briquetting plant is the closest alternative to the natural solid forms of fossil fuel however has negligible drawbacks such as less polluting in nature and has abundant availability and thus no scarcity issues associated with it. As a result it is the most demanded bio-fuel producing machine as it generates good profits in the market

What is the advantages of briquettes over solid fuels..?

Advantages of briquettes over solid fuels..?

biomass-briquettingBriquettes are smokeless entity compared to any other solid materials as they don’t release any ash in the air.

biomass-briquettingIt is prepared from agricultural waste and forest waste so they are very cheap and easily available.

biomass-briquettingThey are very compact to store, pack and handle.

biomass-briquettingBriquettes are very nature; it doesn’t contain any chemical or impurities.

biomass-briquettingHave higher bulk density than solid materials.

biomass-briquettingHave less moisture content than other solid fuel.

biomass-briquettingBriquettes when subjected to heat don’t produce any spark whereas solid raw material produces spark and also releases smoke.

biomass-briquettingCombustion free as compared to charcoal.

biomass-briquettingBriquettes are non volatile fuel.

biomass-briquettingTransportation cost is very less.

biomass-briquettingIt also reduces carbon dioxide emission and also lowers the content of sulphur and ash in biomass prevents acid rain formation.

What is Biomass Briquetting Process?

Biomass Briquetting process

 

The Biomass Briquetting process is totally ecological as it does not release any contaminant or pollutant material.

briquetting machine manufacturer

The process involves the below mentioned stages:

  • At first the chemical composition of the biomass that is to be briquetted is checked and appropriate mixing of the diverse materials are done to ensure that briquettes are produced qualitatively. If the biomass is not worthy of the process, it is ultimately rejected.
  • The biomass is subjected to drying with the heat of natural sunrays or with biomass dryer machine to ensure that moisture level is not more than 15%.
  • Biomass is then processed to appropriate size or is powdered depending on the requirement necessitated by the briquetting machine.
  • When the material is prepared, they are fed into the briquetting machines where they are compressed with high pressure and exposed to high temperature to liquefy the lignin material usually existing in the material naturally. This material performs the binding process to yield solid bio-fuel.
  • Now the machine offers them pre-determined size as well as forms and spews the yield.
  • Then finally they are cooled and stored in the right conditions.

briquetting plant manufacturer

Briquetting Business Around The World

briquetting machine manufacturerBriquettes are preferred across the world because of their high thermal efficiency as a fuel and their affordability. These are lucrative as compared to fossil fuel and so industries, commercial centers and domestic household use them as a regular solid fuel substitute. Government of different nations instigates the production of this kind of bio-fuel as they are a good alternate to the fossil fuel. Hence this business is booming world-wide and has a good scope and profits too.

We are the most widely known briquetting machines manufacturer of India and are popular with all over the world. Many of our customers have and are executing successful briquetting business with our machines. Hence our machines are very popular throughout the world for offering high quality briquettes. Our machines obey with the worldwide standards of quality as well as are engineered with advanced technology. Our supreme quality machines operate adeptly, reliably, as well as enduringly. They have numerous comprehensible features that the operators discover very expedient to carry out. Furthermore our machines are designed with intensive R&D to deliver highly qualitative output.

We get numerous orders for our diverse models of machines, every single day from many countries across the world like Nigeria, Indonesia, South Korea, Bangladesh and Argentina etc. apart from getting repetitive orders from the gulf nations such as Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE and Oman.

briquetting plant india

Raw Material For Briquetting

Raw Material For BriquettingAgricultural wastes and forestry wastes are the basic raw material requirement for production of the briquette fuel. These are available in majority of nations across the world easily and in many nations are disposed in a very ineffective manner. Biomass briquetting is one of the best ways to make the best out of the waste. Some of the widely preferred and suited raw-materials for the manufacturing of the biofuel briquettes include:

  • Husks of crops such as Palm husk, Cotton Husk, Rice Husk, Coffee husk, Bamboo dust and Soybean husk
  • Dust of saw, Wood Chips, Straw, Tobacco waste, Tea waste
  • Shells of Coconut, Betel Nut Shells, Almond Shells, Castor Seed Shells
  • Stalks of plants like Cotton stalk, Mustard Stalk,
  • Coir pith, Forest Leaves, Jute waste

Depending upon the regional crops diverse kinds of fuel of diverse calorific value can be produced.

Cotton stalk briquette

Cotton Stalk briquette IndiaIndia has the highest area under cotton cultivation and cotton stalks is one of the important byproduct of cotton, generally stalk is treated as waste,and a small part (15%)of it used as fuel. but now cotton stalk or briquette can be used for the manufacturer of particle boards preparation of pulp and paper, hard boards, corrugated boards and boxes, micro-crystalline cellulose and for growing edible mushroom.

Area Under Cultivation, Production of Indian Cotton & Availability of Cotton Stalks. (2016-17)
States Area
(M. ha)
Cotton production
(Lakh bales of 170 kg)
Availability of Stalks
(M. tonnes)
Punjab 2.56 9.0 598
Haryana 4.98 20.00 683
Rajasthan 4.42 18.00 692
North total 11.96 47.00 668
Gujarat 24.00 95.00 673
Maharashtra 38.06 89.00 398
Madhya Pradesh 5.99 21.00 596
Central total 68.05 205.00 512
Telangana 12.50 48.00 653
Andhra Pradesh 4.49 19.00 719
Karnataka 4.64 21.00 769
Tamil Nadu 1.50 6 680
South Total 23.13 94.00 691
Orissa 1.36 3.00 375
Others 0.50 2.00 680
GR TOTAL 105.00 351.00 568
Cotton Stalk india
Briquette manufacturer

Soybean Husk Briquette

soybean briquette indiaWhen soybean are enter into the oil plant, they convert to smashed and damaged beans and external materials. After cracking the beans husk removed, Actully Soybean husk are the skin of soybean and these are light, flaky, and bulky, and require special considerations for handling. It is a fibrous materials and existing where soybeans are produced. We offered wide range of soybean husk briquettes which are used as the bio fuel in industrial boilers and coal based furnaces etc.

Features:

High Carbon Content
High density
Low Moisture
Low Ash Content

 

Soyabean Husk briquette
soybean briquette india

Sawdust Briquettes

Sawdust Briquettes

Sawdust briquetteSawdust Briquettes made by the cutting wood by a saw or other tool and it is a type of biomass briquettes. Sawdust is also known as the wood dust. A sawdust is widely used for the wood pulp, as a fuel, alternative to clay, etc.

  • It is used in the milling operations for the heating purpose.
  • Particle board is wood product manufactured from wood chips and sawdust.

Sawdust briquette exporter

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